瘦肉精民眾勿過度恐慌

major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">瘦肉精的使用,仍是一個具爭議的話題,目前已有包括美、加、澳等mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">25
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">個國家及mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">1
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">個地區核准合法使用萊克多巴胺瘦肉精;在鄰近的亞洲國家,韓國僅核准使用於猪,日本雖未核准使用,但也對進口的產品訂有最高容許量標準。台灣與歐盟一樣,未核准使用並列為禁藥,必須零檢出。



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast"> 



mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:#0070C0">瘦肉精是β受體促進劑的一般通稱,mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua";color:#0070C0">Ractopamine (
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:#0070C0">萊克多巴胺,商品名:
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua";
color:#0070C0">Paylean,
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
color:#0070C0">培林
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua";color:#0070C0">)
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">是其中的一種。許多國家准許用於動物中體重增加、畜體貧瘠及飼養效率的改進。mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">萊克多巴胺屬於一種mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
color:#0070C0">類交感神經興奮劑
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">,原用於治療人類氣喘,之後
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
color:#0070C0">發現添加飼料中餵食動物可促進蛋白質合成且加速脂肪轉化分解,使動物更健美
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">。



mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:#333333;letter-spacing:.75pt">  



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">乙型受體素mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">(Beta-agonist)
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">這類的藥物有數十多種,可歸類為mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">1-agonist (
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">如mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">Ractopamine,
Dobutamine)
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">、mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">2-agonist (
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">如mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">Clenbuterol, Salbutamol)
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">及未歸類的如Zmso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">ilpaterol
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">。mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">Ractopamine (
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">萊克多巴胺mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">)
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">,係原要以研發做為
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
color:#0070C0">治療人類氣喘的用藥
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">,後來發現培林要達到能治療氣喘的藥量很高,因此不適用於製成人類用藥。不過在動物試驗中偶然發現,
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:#002060">少量用於猪
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:#0070C0">隻時可增加精質瘦肉的效果,又可增加飼料換肉率及減少糞便排泄物,對養猪、養牛業者可降低成本
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
color:#0070C0">,
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">是一項利多的產品,因此美國在mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">2000
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">年核准上市,使用於牛、猪及火雞等食用動物。



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast"> 



mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;color:#0070C0">趙藥師提建議衛生單位
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">我國已是mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">WTO
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">的會員,應該注意國際間對瘦肉精管制的發展,訂定萊克多巴胺的最高殘留容許量標準mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Book Antiqua"">(MRL)
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">,以便與國際接軌。



mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;color:red">民眾勿過度恐慌
:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:#0070C0">依據世界衛生組織建議之每人每日每公斤可接受攝取量(1微克)以及本次檢出量(0.64–2.84 ppb)評估,如以60公斤體重估計,須每天吃到21-94公斤牛肉,約相當於121-543客的6盎斯牛排,才會超過每日安全攝取量major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:#002060">。mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;color:red">



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:red;letter-spacing:.75pt;
mso-font-kerning:0pt"> 



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;
color:red">*
major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;color:#0070C0">趙藥師提醒
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">民眾購買時可選擇信譽良好的商家,有安全認證的肉品,例如優
major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">良農產品標章CAS等。依衛生署規定,販賣有完整包裝的牛肉,或在有公司、major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">商業登記的賣場販賣的散裝牛肉,均須標示牛肉之來源,不要購買太便宜、來源major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">不明的肉品。購買時可先注意相關標示。民眾也可以付費方式,在衛生署認可的動物用藥檢驗認證實驗室進行檢驗,認證實驗室之資訊及相關資訊可在新細明體;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;mso-hansi-font-family:Verdana;
color:#0070C0">行政院衛
新細明體;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;mso-hansi-font-family:Verdana;
color:#0070C0">生署食品藥物管理局
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
color:#0070C0">網站
https://www.fda.gov.tw/)查詢確認



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:red;letter-spacing:.75pt;
mso-font-kerning:0pt"> 



mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
color:red;letter-spacing:.75pt">※
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">β受體促進劑(
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">瘦肉精)
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:#0070C0;
letter-spacing:.75pt">副作用
mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:#333333;letter-spacing:.75pt">,症狀包括震顫、心悸、頭暈、焦慮、頭痛、失眠、血壓上升、味覺異常、口咽乾噪。



major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast">若不慎大量食用而導致中毒,會立即出現噁心、肌肉顫抖、血壓上升、心悸、乏力及頭暈等症狀,請立即求醫以獲最佳治療,免於耽誤病情~~趙藥師~~  
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-font-kerning:0pt">https://www.fda.gov.tw/files/list/
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-font-kerning:0pt">萊克多巴胺攝食量之風險評估_2012.02.22.pdf

本文作者:趙順榮藥師

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