內科疾病拔罐療法

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感冒



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">感冒是由病毒引起的上呼吸道感染。症狀以鼻塞、打噴嚏、流鼻涕、咳嗽、喉嚨痛、頭痛、全身痠痛、無力、畏寒等為主。四季均可發病,但以冬、春季節為多見。本病易在氣候驟變時發生,如受寒、淋雨等即可誘發。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●診斷



1 "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">感冒是由呼吸道病毒引起的,其中以冠狀病毒和鼻病毒為主要致病病毒。



2 mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">病毒從呼吸道分泌物中排出並傳播,當身體抵抗力下降,如受涼、營養不良、過度疲勞、菸酒過度、全身性疾病及鼻部本身的慢性疾病影響呼吸道暢通等,容易誘發感染。感冒發作後繼發細菌感染。



3 mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">感冒時,鼻內有乾燥感及癢感、打噴嚏、全身不適或有低燒,之後漸有鼻塞、嗅覺減退、流大量清水鼻涕、鼻黏膜充血、水腫、有大量清水樣或膿性分泌物等。若無併發症,病程約為7"MS Mincho"">∼10mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">天。



4 mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">感冒可能會引發細菌感染,但是千萬不可隨便使用藥物治療。在人體免疫系統殺死病毒後,絕大部分感染會自動痊癒。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●選穴及治療方法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">閃罐法或單純火罐法



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">所選穴位:大椎、風門、肺俞、曲池、印堂、太陽、合谷



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">治療方法:患者取俯臥位,露出背部。採取閃火法將火罐吸拔在穴位上,然後取下,對穴位施連續閃罐,至皮膚潮紅為止。每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次。或施以單純火罐,留罐10"MS Mincho"">∼15mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘,每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次;也可與貯水罐、藥罐配合使用,留罐15"MS Mincho"">∼20mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘,每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次。



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">刺絡罐法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">所選穴位:大椎



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">治療方法:患者取坐式俯伏位,消毒穴位皮膚後,用七星梅花針,中強刺激手法,叩刺大椎穴為中心的穴區8"MS Mincho"">∼10mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次,然後取中號玻璃罐,用閃火法將罐吸拔在穴位上,留罐10"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘左右,出血l"MS Mincho"">∼2c.c."Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">即可起罐。每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次,一般1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次即癒。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:green">便祕



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">便祕是指大便次數減少和糞便乾燥難解。一般兩天以上無排便,就有可能是便祕。健康人的排便習慣可明顯不同,必須根據本人平時排便習慣和排便是否困難,才能判斷是否便祕。精神因素、飲食規律改變、濫用瀉藥等,均可導致便祕。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●診斷



1 "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">急性便祕由腸阻塞、腸麻痺、急性腹膜炎、腦血管意外等急性疾病引起。



2 mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">慢性便祕病因較複雜,一般無明顯症狀。按發病部位分類,可分為兩種:



mso-bidi-font-family:"MS Mincho"">①mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">結腸性便祕:mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">由於結腸內、外的機械性阻塞引起的便祕稱為「機械性便祕」。由於結腸蠕動功能減弱或喪失引起的便祕稱為「無力性便祕」。由於腸平滑肌痙攣引起的便祕稱為「痙攣性便祕」。



mso-bidi-font-family:"MS Mincho"">②mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">直腸性便祕:mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">由於直腸黏膜感受器敏感性減弱,導致糞塊在直腸堆積。見於直腸癌、肛周疾病等。習慣性便祕多見於中老年和經產婦(已生過小孩的婦女)。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●選穴及操作步驟



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">留針罐法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">所選穴位:天樞、大橫、大腸俞、足三里、神闕、氣海



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">治療方法:患者取仰臥位,寬衣露膚。常規消毒穴位皮膚後,先用毫針刺各穴,待得氣後留針,用閃火法將罐吸拔在針刺部位,留針罐10"MS Mincho"">∼15mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘,每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次。若屬熱祕(大便呈燒熱感)加拔曲池穴、豐隆穴;若為冷祕(大便稀疏但無法排便)、虛祕加關元穴。



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">單純火罐法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">所選穴位:天樞、大腸俞、脾俞



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">治療方法:患者取適宜體位,用閃火法將罐吸拔在各穴,留罐10"MS Mincho"">∼15mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘。每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●注意事項



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">上述各法對便祕有明顯的效果,治療期間不可濫用瀉藥。應多食蔬菜、水果,養成定時排便的習慣。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:green">偏頭痛



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">偏頭痛是反覆發作的一種搏動性頭痛。發作前常有閃光、視線模糊、肢體麻木等先兆,同時會伴有神經、精神功能障礙。它是一種會逐步惡化的疾病,發病頻率通常越來越高。本病與顱腦血管收縮功能失調有關,常因體內的一些生化因素和激素變化而引起發作。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●診斷



1 mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">普遍型偏頭痛:mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">發作性中度到重度搏動性頭痛,伴心、嘔吐或畏光。體力活動使頭痛加劇。發作開始時僅為輕度到中度的鈍痛或不適感,幾分鐘到幾小時後達到嚴重的搏動性痛或跳痛。



2 mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">典型偏頭痛:mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">可分為先兆期和頭痛期。



mso-bidi-font-family:"MS Mincho"">①先兆期:視覺症狀最常見,如畏光、眼前閃光、火花,或複雜視幻覺,繼mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">而出現視野缺損、暗點、偏盲或短暫失明。少數病人會出現偏身麻木、輕度偏癱或言語障礙。先兆大多持續5"MS Mincho"">∼20mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘。



mso-bidi-font-family:"MS Mincho"">②頭痛期:疼痛多始於一側眶上、眶後部或額顳區,逐漸加重而擴展至半側mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">頭部,甚至整個頭部及頸部。頭痛為搏動性,呈跳痛或鑽鑿樣,程度逐漸加重發展成持續性劇痛。常伴心、嘔吐、畏光、畏聲。



 



mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue">●選穴及治療方法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">出針罐法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">所選穴位:大椎、風門、肝俞、肺俞



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">治療方法:患者取俯伏位,常規消毒穴位皮膚後,用毫針行針刺各穴,得氣後留針15"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘,起針後用閃火法將罐吸拔在穴位上,留罐10"MS Mincho"">∼15mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘,隔日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次。若頭痛如固者,宜採用挑針罐法吸拔穴位,留罐10"MS Mincho"">∼15mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘,每次取2"MS Mincho"">∼3mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">穴。



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">刺絡罐法



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">所選穴位:風池、肝俞、太陽



mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">治療方法:患者取俯伏位,常規消毒穴位皮膚後,以三棱針點刺穴位至微出血,然後用閃火法將罐吸拔在穴位上,留罐5"MS Mincho"">∼10mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">分鐘。每日1"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">次。

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